A full and complete ‘Ch’an Week Retreat’ was held within the Donghua Ch’an Temple between the 25th - 31st of August, 2014. The content and format of this meditation session remained basically the same as the two previous two Ch’an Week Retreats, except that the requirements for the students on this occasion was much stricter, with more than 90% of the students voluntarily requesting a far greater silence! In order to facilitate the reduction of ‘delusive’ movement in the mind and to facilitate the ‘stilling’ of the mind ‘realisation’ – the three-meals served each day in the ‘Fast Hall’ (斋堂 - Zhai Tang) were administered each day according to the Strict Vinaya Discipline as required by the ‘Arahant’ (罗汉 - Luo Han) tradition of rules followed by ordained Buddhist monks and nuns. The lay practitioners were amazed to experience this vehicle for ‘inner’ and ‘outer’ stillness and benefitted greatly from its practice! For many of the lay-practitioners – tis was the first-time they had encountered a deliberately ‘conscious’ approach to ‘eating’ and ‘drinking’ - realising just how integrated with ‘greed’, ‘hatred’ and ‘delusion’ such apparently ‘mundane’ activities can involve!
The 'Great Venerable' - and 'Head Monk' - Qi Xiang (起香): 'All Things Are Gathered Together from Across the Ten Directions into a Single 'Still' Moment. This is where You Learn 'Wuwei' (无为) - Or How 'Action' and 'Inaction' Embrace One-Another Without Conflict. The Realised 'Empty' and 'Still' Mind Permeates and 'Purifies a Complete Buddha-Field! All This is Achieved Through Cultivating an All-Embracing 'Empty Mind' Within Which All-Thing Arise and Pass Away!'
Email: For Your Files - How I Realised 'Enlightenment' or the More Modestly 'Self-Awareness - This Experience Cleared the Path for Me to Encounter You! (22.11.2021)
What is interesting is that after decades of effective inner and outer martial arts practice, I have arrived at a profound 'stable' state of mind, body and spirit (whatever that is). This journey has traversed many inner and outer levels or states of being. Mostly, this has included a logical approach to physical training motivated by 'doubt' a) in the process itself, and b) in my ability to keep-up the practice or c) to carry-out the prescribed practice correctly. This 'doubt' was inward whilst the physical 'outer' Chinese martial arts techniques were superb and highly effective. This 'doubt' (which ceased to function about 14-years-ago in c. 2007) acted like a force of magnetism drawing my 'uncertain' inner-being toward to the solid and stable outer-structure of the martial arts techniques and how they might be used in self-defence (function) and mind and body health and fitness (longevity). There is now a great awareness. A great all-embracing sense of psychological being that appears to be united with mind, body and environment. This unity I term 'spiritual' because all this seems 'transcendent'. Of course, whilst being driven on by the inner doubt to practice physical martial arts (as a form of 'armouring' against external attack), I also committed myself to intense Ch'an meditative practice as a means to 'uproot' this doubt which all motivating throughout my entire life to 'take action' in many different arenas - it also contained an element of 'weakness'. As I interpreted this 'weaknesses' as a major problem that a) held me back in a state of fearful 'non-action', or b) sabotaged physical actions so as to render all exertion completely pointless! The mind 'cleared' and 'expanded' - it became all-embracing so that the body stopped appearing to be 'outside' of it and took its place entirely within psychological awareness. Although I had my initial experiences of the realisation of a 'still' and 'empty' mind with its awareness expanding and embracing all things around 1990 - it took another 15-years for this experience to settle-down (2005), and about another two or three years for all vestiges of 'doubt' to completely dissolve (2007/8). What did happen around 1990, however, is that my physical use of outer Chinese martial arts technique deepened, expanded and matured, and since the time of 'teaching' in my own right (as opposed to 'training' under a teacher) - I have never lost a fight in the training hall. (Around a year before this experience, I was following a strict Chinese (Mahayana) Buddhist 'monastic' regime and sitting in meditation for hours a day practicing the hua tou 'Who is hearing?' Suddenly, whilst sitting in my 'cell' and without warning, my mind 'ceased to move' becomingly utterly and completely 'still'. This was accompanied by deep sense of permanent ecstasy! My Chinese teachers correctly taught me with 'silence' - whilst my Western teacher Richard Hunn (1949-2006) - my Western Ch'an teacher - correctly taught me with words! Ironically, he drew my attention to the authentic Chinese Ch'an texts. 'Neither be attached to the (realised) inner void - nor hindered by (the 'external') hindering phenomena'. It was deep within the 'silence' of my Chinese Ch'an Masters (including Chan Tin Sang [1924-1993] that I discovered the poignant meaning of Richard Hunn's spiritually 'vibrant' words. This is how I knew that Richard Hunn was correct in his understanding. Later, this dual instruction [into non-duality] led to the next shift in perspective This occurred a year later after a further period of intense practice, and was a product of a complete change or 'turning about' [see the 'Lankavatara Sutra'] at the deepest essence of the mind. It was such a profound and important 'first principle' that I nearly omitted it from the list of all the important events! I was once meditating sat on the ground outside 'returning' all sensory data 'back to its 'empty ground' essence - when a cool and refreshing Summer's freeze blew gently across my face. Suddenly, my mind instantaneously 'turned the right way around' immediately abandoning its previous 'inverted' functionality and appeared to 'expand', assume an 'all-embracing' position of being, whilst this 'new awareness' thoroughly permeated the physical-body and penetrated the physical universe throughout the past, present, and future! This permanent shift in psychological and physical manifestation changed 'me' from the DNA-chemical foundation upward and influenced all the views and opinions I now hold!) This includes not only transforming the experience of sparring with students (which is now unified experience premised upon wisdom, loving kindness and compassion) - but also manifested within the otherwise 'brutal' realm of 'honour fights' whereby unknown and unfamiliar individuals suddenly turn-up at my training hall and (disrespectfully) ask to spar! They wish to gain fame and fortune through 'out of control' violence which involves (for them) the 'beating' and 'exposing' a local (Chinese) gongfu teacher! How did this happen? I think whereas my opponents were still motivated by a deep and profound sense of 'doubt' (often involving a profound 'self-hatred') - I no longer experienced this 'doubt' which 'divides' human-beings during combat. Doubt by this time in my life had become nothing more than a profound sense of enhanced 'awareness' full of compassion and understanding. This is all held in place by a physical (martial) ability that can use 'gentleness' just as easily as 'harshness' to 'control' or 'regulate' physical interactions.
Signed: Adrian Chan-Wyles [陳恒豫 - Chan Heng Yu] (22.11.2021) - '釋大道' (Shi Da Dao)
Witnessed and Authenticated by Yau, Gee-Cheuk [邱芷芍] (22.11.2021) - 'Gee Wyles' - Wife of Adrian Chan-Wyles
Ch’an Buddhism Spreads Westward - Chinese Ch'an Vs Western Analytical Thought - A Short Comparison (2007)
December 06, 2007 09:30 China’s Five Thousand Years of Culture Network - Editor: Xue Fei (薛斐)
The main contribution of (Western) Analytical Philosophy in the history of human thinking is: it believes that many problems that bother people are actually not problems at all, they are just "false problems." Some questions have not been answered satisfactorily for a long time, not because people have limited abilities, but because the way of asking questions is inherently problematic. Once you follow the train of thought of asking questions in this way, you will sooner or later lead people into a dilemma of infinite ‘no answer’. Therefore, analytical philosophy strives to drive all false questions out of the scope of human thinking, so that people can obtain peace of mind by simply ‘not thinking’ about certain topics.
Similarly, Chinese Ch’an also states that there are many false problems, but its technique of dealing with these problems is different to that of analytical philosophy. Chinese Ch’an teaches that only by restoring the ‘genuine’ or ‘underlying’ questioner (or ‘perceiving the empty mind ground from which ALL questions arise’) can the problems these questions represent be avoided in the genuine sense. Therefore, just as the Western academic scholars might ‘give voice’ to these false questions - the Chinese Ch’an Master refuses to give a positive answer, but crucially, (and often a point not acknowledged in the West) the Ch’an Master does not give a negative answer.
However, it should be pointed out that the distinction between true and false questions within analytical philosophy is also inherently problematic: if the boundary is meaningless (and lacks ‘substance’), then the true question, regardless of its scope, cannot be properly ‘fixed’, ‘located’ or even ‘asked’; on the other-hand, if the question is too meaningful - and possesses definite ‘boundaries’ of import, then it cannot represent the problem of inherent ‘falsity’ as it has ‘concretised’ into something ‘real’ and ‘limited’ in time and space. The recent developments in Western thinking are repeatedly attempting to explain this dialectical problem and double-bind, but in so doing, tend to favour the ‘negation’ of the question. This has led some Western scholars to mistakenly assume that they are implementing a ‘Chinese Ch’an solution’, but this is not the case.
As far as Ch’an is concerned, all questions are unnecessary movements of the surface mind, nothing but habitual contrivances that manifest as ‘false questions’ mistakenly interpreted as being both ‘valid’ and structurally ‘three-dimensional’ in the material world! The tetrelemma of Nagarjuna explains the Ch’an position – 1) everything ‘is’, 2) Everything ‘is not’, 3) Everything both ‘is’ and ‘is not’ and 4) everything is neither ‘is’ and ‘is not’ - so what's the problem? Only the intrinsic realisation of the ‘self-nature’ (as the ‘empty mind ground’) denotes a "person who is not deceived by others", and ‘who understands the law perpetually at peace’. Once enlightened, the problems of defilement, true delusion, life and death - and many other conflicts - although not resolved in the conventional sense, have been completely eliminated in the delusional sense. In other words, all (deluded) questions disappear before they ‘arise’ - as the habitual (inner) conditions that formulate a ‘dualistic’ and ‘suffering-inducing’ question in the mind - have been perpetually ‘removed’.
In contrast, the development of analytic philosophy is very incomplete. It merely attempts to persuades people not to pay attention to the various problems relating to ‘value’ and ‘freedom’ that are incapable of being subjected to ‘reason’, leading to these metaphysical issues still plaguing everyone who lives a serious life. Ch’an Buddhism is different. Its resolution of problems brings people a real "usefulness", which is the tranquillity and clarity of the whole (united) inner and outer being. The Ch’an method permeates the depths of people's hearts and breaks the source of delusion in one fell swoop. How can the complexity and difficulty the Ch’an method employs be conceived and inferred through the narrow experiences and thinking associated with everyday existence?
In summary, what this article is trying to illustrate is just this: Ch’an Buddhism is a part of the entire Buddhist system, no matter how much Ch’an surpasses the Buddha and the ancestors. If you want to keep your understanding of Ch’an from deviating, you should also find a basis within the sutras and understand it from the entire Buddhist philosophical background. At present, there are no other thought systems that can properly interpret Ch’an. If you abandon the scriptures, rely on your own brains, and adhere to Ch’an with some kind of thinking that suits your taste, even if you don’t enter the cave of deluded ghosts, you will eventually fall into a ‘dead void’. These are the products of a lack of genuine knowledge with regard to Ch’an self-cultivation. The ‘Perfect Enlightenment’ Sutra (圆觉经 - Yuan Jue Jing) says ‘The Tathagata-Realm is infinite and an individual mind (and heart) cannot fathom its vastness through an egotistical self-effort – which is like a firefly trying to impossibly burn the infinite dimensions of Mount Sumeru!’ The Western mind needs to breakout of its own self-contained isolation and comprehend the limitations that this cultural programming entails.
Misconceptions about Ch'an in the West are premised upon a lack of genuine insight into Chinese culture and Chinese language sources. This approach 'assumes' things to be true because of a general lack of authentic knowledge. Once a misconception is developed in the West it is then 'shared' and 'spread' throughout the population. Like Halley's Comet - such an error of interpretation circumnavigates the Western thought community with monotonous regulatory This error of thought is nothing other than a habit of thought tat should be realised as such and thoroughly abandoned! The 'Hua Tou', for instance, is NOT a 'crucial' or 'critical' phrase as the deluded Zennists would have you believe. On the contrary, any and all 'hua tou' performs the function of 'returning' the six-senses (and their sensory-data) back to the 'empty mind ground' which is neither 'perception' nor 'non-perception'. It is that simple. This suggests that whatever the deluded Zennists can generate in their habitual surface mind - the 'hua tou' can return to its 'empty essence' - as no arbitrary thought formation is exempt from this process. Confusing the 'hua tou' (話頭) with a 'gongan' (公案) and vice versa is laughable and just the tip of the iceberg for the average Western Ch'an practitioner. All these pitfalls can be negated by applying the Hua Tou method properly and in all circumstances - this is part of how the Dhamma will protect you in ALL circumstances! Master Xu Yun (1840-1959) taught that the proper use of the 'Hua Tou' is a continuous and unending process of returning sense-data to its empty mind ground essence! In this sense, and to this extent, there can be no legitimate answer to the use of the Hua Tou (as each answer must also be 'returned'), and no satisfactory 'completion' for the contemplation of a 'gong-an'. The Western intellect, as sharp and concise as it is, is not designed to answer the Hua Tou and gong-an problem - as any answer emerging from and lying within the domain of duality itself merely serves as another contrived part of the problem that require deconstruction! In other words, it is clear that Westerners CANNOT 'out-think' or 'out-contrive' the Hua Tou and gpng-an methods as both are simultaneously comprised of pre-thought, current thought and post-thought components that exist superimposed one strata upon the other, so that each facet of inherent awareness immediately adjusts for the other, should it come under any undue (external) pressure from the adherent! The 'this worldly' approach exhibited by Zennists tends to turn the Hua Tou (and 'gong-an') into nothing more than an exotic fetish competing for 'clicks' and 'prevalence' on internet searches! It is the 'other world' that a practitioner of Chinese Ch'an should be aiming - if only to 'release' the ultimate non-substantiality of the 'inner' and the 'outer'!
From an 'old' transmission document translated in the English language. An extract of the 'Xin Xin Ming' (信心銘) as compiled by the Third Chinese Ch'an Patriarch - 'Sangcan' (僧璨) - given to humanity and all living-beings!
This is 'Great Master Xing Yun' who is a very famous Ch'an Buddhist Monk and 48th Lineage Inheritor of the Linji Ch'an Tradition. He was born on August 19th, 1927 in Jiangsu province during the time of the 'Republic of China'. A year later - in 1928 - the 'Republic' Government would attack and destroy the famous Shaolin Temple (situated in Henan) because the Head Monk refused to endorse this regime. Master Xing Yun is currently 94-years-old and employed at the National Taiwan University and is considered one of the greatest Bhikshu Calligraphers in the world! He is also founder and ongoing supporter of the 'Fo Guang' (Buddha Light) Movement. Interestingly, he is recorded as supporting the 'Chinese National Party' in Taiwan. Taiwan is a part of Mainland China currently under the control of the Republican Government that was defeated on the Mainland in 1949 and which is now supported by the US, etc. Some small islands and a very tiny area of the South Coast of the Mainland are allowed to be administered by the Taiwan regime. He is currently the world president of the International Buddhism Association and the honorary president of the World Buddhist Friendship Association. Although within China we are all support one or other of the political divide - we tend to keep the 'Dharma' pure of any political interference. Indeed, Master Xing Yun is considered a great humanitarian in the world and has been presented numerous awards. Below, he discusses the issues surrounding establishing and administrating a Ch'an Buddhist monastery on traditional grounds. I present this here, for those Taiwanese (and other) Chinese language readers who quietly support all of our 'English' publications without a bad word!
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A beautiful red-bronze and gilt silver seated Shakyamuni Buddha constructed in Tibet between the 13th - 14th centuries. 十三至十四世纪 西藏鎏金铜错银及红铜释迦牟尼佛坐像.
Given that the prevailing subjective and objective conditions have not proven favourable for this otherwise interesting, groundbreaking and self-empowering opportunity, the International Ch'an Buddhist Institute (ICBI) is a) rescinding and abolishing the project of the 'Open Transmission' of the associated Master Xu Yun (1840-1959) lineage - effective immediately, b) Cancelling any subsequent lineage transmissions - either 'implied' or 'conformed' - through the use of this initiative, and c) clarify that the ICBI does not recognise, endorse or support any subsequent, assumed or further transmissions made by current ICBI Members using this agency to other (unknown) individuals outside the ICBI.
Lineage transmission is a grave and serious undertaking and although much emphasis is placed in the West upon 'effort', 'determination' and 'respect' - this appears not to yet apply to matters of a non-material or non-acquisitioned nature. In this matter of realising the empty mind ground there will be no supporting of any type of greed, hatred or delusion. The 'Great Doubting mind' will be re-emphasised time and time again to keep the genuine Chinese Ch'an Lineage of Master Xu Yun (1840-1959) both 'pure' and free from 'corruption'. if you experience 'agitation' in your mind at this announcement - 'good' as you will not pass through this 'Gate' a second time in this lifetime whilst I guard it. Set your mind on realising genuine Enlightenment and all barriers will instantly melt away!
‘(74) Whatsoever Bhikkhu, being angry or displeased with another Bhikkhu, shall give a blow – that is a Pakittiya.
(75) Whatsoever Bhikkhu, being angry or displeased with another Bhikkhu, shall make use of any threatening gesture – that is a Pakittaya.
(76) Whatsoever Bhikkhu, being angry or displeased with another Bhikkhu shall harass a Bhikkhu with a (charge of) Samghadisesa without ground – that is a Pakittiya.
(77) Whatsoever Bhikkhu shall intentionally suggest difficulties of conscience to a Bhikkhu, with the idea of causing him uneasiness, - even for a moment; if he does it to that end – that is a Pakittaya.
(78) Whatsoever Bhikkhu shall stand by overhearing when Bhikkhus are quarrelling, or making a disturbance, or engaged in a dispute, hoping to hear what they shall utter; if he does it to that end alone – that is a Pakittiya.
(79) Whatsoever Bhikkhu, when he has declared his consent to formal proceedings conducted according to the Dhamma, shall thereafter grumble (about these proceedings) - that is a Pakittaya.’
Vinaya Texts: Trans, By TW Rhys Davids and Hermann Oldenberg, Part I – the Patimokkha – The Mahavagga I-IV, Sacred Books of East (Edited by Max Muller), Motilal, (1982), Page 51 – Rules 74-79 of the 92 Rules retained in the ‘Pakittiya Dhamma’ Section of the ‘Patimokkha’ - or those transgression which the Buddha states demand ‘Require Repentance’ to purify the mind and body of the corrupting kamma of mind and body (influenced by the residual taints of greed, hatred delusion).
My role model is Master Xu Yun (1840-1959) - primarily because virtually all the other Masters I have had as excellent teachers have also treated the reputation of Master Xu Yun with the utmost respect. Master Xu Yun is the immense river of ‘Dharma’ within which we all flow into and from which we all emerge empowered and invigorated. Important to this respect is the understanding of the depth and importance of the Vinaya Discipline – the body of work establish by the historical (Indian) Buddha as a guide for monastics and lay-people as they traverse the vicissitudes of life! If the Dharma is a raft which carries all living-beings from this shore to the other – the Vinaya Discipline signifies the rudder and the oars which are used to stabilise the structure and direct it in the correct direct. If the raft heads in the wrong direction – the other shore will never be reached! The raft could spend years traversing the centre of the river and flowing with the tide – unable to breakout of the cycle and reach the other shore. For many people exploring spiritual paths – this is a common experience and hindrance to achieving the final objective of ‘liberation’.
‘(6) Now at that time the Khabhggiya Bhikkhus, on the ground that three robes had been allowed by the Blessed One, used to frequent the village in one suit of three robes, and in another in another suit to rest in the Arama, and in another to go to the bath. Then those Bhikkhus who were modest were annoyed, murmured, and become indignant, saying, “How can the Khabbaggiya Bhikkhus wear extra suits of robes.”
And those Bhikkhus told the matter to the Blessed One. Then the Blessed One on that occasion, when he had delivered a religious discourse, addressed the Bhikkhus, and said:
“You are not, O Bhikkhus, to wear an extra suit of robes. Whosever does so, shall be dealt with according to law.”
(The waist cloth [Samghati] was wrapped round the waist and back, and secured with a girdle. The under garment (antaravasaka); was and reached below the knee, being fastened wrapped round the loins and reached below the knee, being fastened round the loins by an end of the cloth being tucked in there; and sometimes also by a girdle. The upper robe (uttarasanga) was wrapped round the legs from the loins to the ankles, and the end was then drawn, at the back, from the right hip, over the left shoulder, and either (as is still the custom in Siam, and in the Siamese sect in Ceylon) allowed to fall down in front, or (as is still the custom in Burma, and in the Burmese sect in Ceylon) drawn back again over the right shoulder, and allowed to fall down on the back. From the constant reference to the practice of adjusting the robe over one shoulder as a special mark of respect – the Burmese custom would seem to be in accordance with the most ancient way of usually wearing the robe).
Vinaya Texts: Trans, By TW Rhys Davids and Hermann Oldenberg, Part II – The Mahavagga V-X – The Kullavagga I-III, Sacred Books of East (Edited by Max Muller), Motilal, (1982), Page 212-213 – The MahaVagga – Eighth Khandhaka – Section Thirteen. The ‘MahaVagga’ or ‘Great Path’ contains accounts of Buddha's attainment of Enlightenment and the Enlightenment of ten other senior monks, as well as rules for Uposatha days and monastic ordination.
Of course, in theory a ‘raft’ is not required to traverse a river from one shore to the opposite – but this is an option that is very dangerous and exposes each aspirant to death by drowning! In the realm of spiritual practice this symbolises the utter failure of a spiritual method used in the wrong way. Quite often, this is the expenditure of energy in a completely deficient and incoherent manner that leaves the practitioner exhausted and perhaps totally unable to recover adequately. In extreme cases it can mean ‘death’. The reality is that the raft of ‘Dharma’ is required which is directed by the ‘Vinaya Discipline’ as no other viable option remains open to the average student. Master Xu Yun understood this reality in a precise manner and was very strict upon insisting that each student should be brutally honest with themselves and others. Lying cannot and does not work when an individual is seeking to traverse the rivers of the suffering of existence! Telling the truth and remain ‘quiet’ when no vocalisation is required is the essence of the Vinaya Discipline! As a raft with no rudder or oars is unable to fulfil its function of safely transporting its passengers to the other side of the river!
‘(1) Now at that time the Blessed One was staying at Ragagaha in the Veluvana, in the Kalanaka Nivapa. And at that time no permission had been given to the Bhikkhus by the Blessed One with respect to dwellings. So the Bhikkhus dwelt now here, now there – in the woods, at the foot of trees, on hill-sides, in grottoes, in mountain caves, in cemeteries, in forests, in open places, and in heaps of straw. And at early morn they came in from this place or from that place – from the woods and where have you – decorous in their walking and turning, in their looking on or lokking round, in stretching out their arms or in drawing them back, with eyes cast down, and the dignfified in deportment.
(2) Now at that time the Setthi of Ragagaha went at early morn to his garden. And the Setthi of Ragagaba saw those Bhikkhus coming in from this place and from that place – and on seeing them he took pleasure therein. And the Setthi of Ragagaba went up to the Bhikkhus and said to them:
“If, Sirs, I was to have dwellings erected for you, would you take up your abode in these dwellings?” “Not so O householder. Dwellings have not been allowed by the Blessed One.” “Then, Sirs, ask the Blessed One about it, and let me know.” “Very well, O householder,” said they, in assent to the Setthi of Ragagaba. And they went up to the Blessed One, and saluted him, and took their seats on one side. And when they were so seated, they said to the Blessed One: “The Setthi of Ragagaba, Lord, wishes to have dwellings erected for us. What, Lord, should be done?” “Then the Blessed One, on that occasion and in connection, when he had delivered a religious discourse, addressed the Bhikkhus, and said: “I allow you, O Bhikkhus, abodes of five kinds – Viharas, Addhayogas, storied dwellings, attics and caves.”’
Vinaya Texts: Trans, By TW Rhys Davids and Hermann Oldenberg, Part III – Kullavagga IV-XII, Sacred Books of East (Edited by Max Muller), Motilal, (1982), Pages 137-138 – Sixth Khandhaka – On Dwellings and Furniture. The ‘Kullavaga (Cullavagga) records details of the First and Second Buddhist Councils and the establishment of the community of Bhikkhunis (Buddhist Nuns), and further rules for addressing various offenses within the Sangha (monastic community).
for addressing various offenses within the Sangha (monastic community).
Remaining ‘silent’ like a broken gong is as important as using expressed words in a timely and precise manner. Indeed, remaining silent at the right moment is exactly what is required to ‘free’ an individual from the habits of their deluded mind and deficient patterns of behaviour. Although viewed with a great respect today – even during his lifetime (when he was in his hundreds) jealous members of the monastic and lay communities often made false and malicious allegations against him. These complaints evolved around false accusations that Master Xu Yun a) routinely broke the Vinaya Discipline rules, and b) did so in the most delinquent and outrageous of manners! He was accused of drinking alcohol and eating meat, as well as sexually exploiting the bodies of young monks who were sent to him for ordination and training! Although not common allegations – when they did manifest – Master Xu Yun would just smile and return to his cowshed for deep meditation – advising that all beings must be automatically forgiven for the delusion that manifests within (and dominates) their minds! Sitting quietly and manifesting compassion, loving-kindness and wisdom is the way that the Vinaya Discipline guides all living-beings to react to environment disturbances!
Adrian Chan-Wyles (釋大道 - Shi Da Dao) is permitted to retain his Buddhist Monastic Dharma-Name within Lay-society by decree of the Government of the People’s Republic of China, and the Chinese Buddhist Association (1992). A Buddhist monastic (and devout lay-practitioner) upholds the highest levels of Vinaya Discipline and Bodhisattva Vows. A Genuine Buddhist ‘Venerates’ the ‘Dao’ (道) as he or she penetrates the ‘Empty Mind-Ground' through meditative insight. A genuine Buddhist is humble, wise and peace-loving – and he or she selflessly serves all in existence in the past, present and the future, and residing within the Ten Directions – whilst retaining a vegetarian- vegan diet. Please be kind to animals!
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