(75) Whatsoever Bhikkhu, being angry or displeased with another Bhikkhu, shall make use of any threatening gesture – that is a Pakittaya.
(76) Whatsoever Bhikkhu, being angry or displeased with another Bhikkhu shall harass a Bhikkhu with a (charge of) Samghadisesa without ground – that is a Pakittiya.
(77) Whatsoever Bhikkhu shall intentionally suggest difficulties of conscience to a Bhikkhu, with the idea of causing him uneasiness, - even for a moment; if he does it to that end – that is a Pakittaya.
(78) Whatsoever Bhikkhu shall stand by overhearing when Bhikkhus are quarrelling, or making a disturbance, or engaged in a dispute, hoping to hear what they shall utter; if he does it to that end alone – that is a Pakittiya.
(79) Whatsoever Bhikkhu, when he has declared his consent to formal proceedings conducted according to the Dhamma, shall thereafter grumble (about these proceedings) - that is a Pakittaya.’
Vinaya Texts: Trans, By TW Rhys Davids and Hermann Oldenberg, Part I – the Patimokkha – The Mahavagga I-IV, Sacred Books of East (Edited by Max Muller), Motilal, (1982), Page 51 – Rules 74-79 of the 92 Rules retained in the ‘Pakittiya Dhamma’ Section of the ‘Patimokkha’ - or those transgression which the Buddha states demand ‘Require Repentance’ to purify the mind and body of the corrupting kamma of mind and body (influenced by the residual taints of greed, hatred delusion).
And those Bhikkhus told the matter to the Blessed One. Then the Blessed One on that occasion, when he had delivered a religious discourse, addressed the Bhikkhus, and said:
“You are not, O Bhikkhus, to wear an extra suit of robes. Whosever does so, shall be dealt with according to law.”
(The waist cloth [Samghati] was wrapped round the waist and back, and secured with a girdle. The under garment (antaravasaka); was and reached below the knee, being fastened wrapped round the loins and reached below the knee, being fastened round the loins by an end of the cloth being tucked in there; and sometimes also by a girdle. The upper robe (uttarasanga) was wrapped round the legs from the loins to the ankles, and the end was then drawn, at the back, from the right hip, over the left shoulder, and either (as is still the custom in Siam, and in the Siamese sect in Ceylon) allowed to fall down in front, or (as is still the custom in Burma, and in the Burmese sect in Ceylon) drawn back again over the right shoulder, and allowed to fall down on the back. From the constant reference to the practice of adjusting the robe over one shoulder as a special mark of respect – the Burmese custom would seem to be in accordance with the most ancient way of usually wearing the robe).
Vinaya Texts: Trans, By TW Rhys Davids and Hermann Oldenberg, Part II – The Mahavagga V-X – The Kullavagga I-III, Sacred Books of East (Edited by Max Muller), Motilal, (1982), Page 212-213 – The MahaVagga – Eighth Khandhaka – Section Thirteen. The ‘MahaVagga’ or ‘Great Path’ contains accounts of Buddha's attainment of Enlightenment and the Enlightenment of ten other senior monks, as well as rules for Uposatha days and monastic ordination.
(2) Now at that time the Setthi of Ragagaha went at early morn to his garden. And the Setthi of Ragagaba saw those Bhikkhus coming in from this place and from that place – and on seeing them he took pleasure therein. And the Setthi of Ragagaba went up to the Bhikkhus and said to them:
“If, Sirs, I was to have dwellings erected for you, would you take up your abode in these dwellings?” “Not so O householder. Dwellings have not been allowed by the Blessed One.” “Then, Sirs, ask the Blessed One about it, and let me know.” “Very well, O householder,” said they, in assent to the Setthi of Ragagaba. And they went up to the Blessed One, and saluted him, and took their seats on one side. And when they were so seated, they said to the Blessed One: “The Setthi of Ragagaba, Lord, wishes to have dwellings erected for us. What, Lord, should be done?” “Then the Blessed One, on that occasion and in connection, when he had delivered a religious discourse, addressed the Bhikkhus, and said: “I allow you, O Bhikkhus, abodes of five kinds – Viharas, Addhayogas, storied dwellings, attics and caves.”’
Vinaya Texts: Trans, By TW Rhys Davids and Hermann Oldenberg, Part III – Kullavagga IV-XII, Sacred Books of East (Edited by Max Muller), Motilal, (1982), Pages 137-138 – Sixth Khandhaka – On Dwellings and Furniture. The ‘Kullavaga (Cullavagga) records details of the First and Second Buddhist Councils and the establishment of the community of Bhikkhunis (Buddhist Nuns), and further rules for addressing various offenses within the Sangha (monastic community).
Remaining ‘silent’ like a broken gong is as important as using expressed words in a timely and precise manner. Indeed, remaining silent at the right moment is exactly what is required to ‘free’ an individual from the habits of their deluded mind and deficient patterns of behaviour. Although viewed with a great respect today – even during his lifetime (when he was in his hundreds) jealous members of the monastic and lay communities often made false and malicious allegations against him. These complaints evolved around false accusations that Master Xu Yun a) routinely broke the Vinaya Discipline rules, and b) did so in the most delinquent and outrageous of manners! He was accused of drinking alcohol and eating meat, as well as sexually exploiting the bodies of young monks who were sent to him for ordination and training! Although not common allegations – when they did manifest – Master Xu Yun would just smile and return to his cowshed for deep meditation – advising that all beings must be automatically forgiven for the delusion that manifests within (and dominates) their minds! Sitting quietly and manifesting compassion, loving-kindness and wisdom is the way that the Vinaya Discipline guides all living-beings to react to environment disturbances!